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Khodabakh Niknam

                                                    

Khodabakhsh Niknam

Professor of Organic Chemistry

 

Contact Details                  

Tel: +98-077- 33441494

Fax: +98-077- 33445188

Email: niknam [ at ]pgu.ac.ir    khniknam[ at]gmail.com

Personal Page: http://en.pgu.ac.ir/page/niknam

 

Corresponding Address

Department of Chemistry

Faculty of Sciences

Persian Gulf University

Bushehr 7516913817

Iran   

 

Education:

B.Sc: Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Shahid Beheshti Univesity (National University) 1993.

M.Sc: Organic Chemistry (Ring Opening Reactions of Epoxides), Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Shiraz Univesity 1995.

Ph.D: Organic Chemistry (Synthesis of Macrocyclic Diamides), Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Shiraz University 1999.

 

Sabbatical Leave:

I worked as a member of Prof. Thomas's research group for 9 months at Manchester University, from November 2008 until August 2009, also, September and October 2010, and from Jun 2011 until September 2011.

 

Research Interests:

1-    Synthesis of macrocyclic diamides and related compounds.

2-    Preparation of solid acids base on silica gel and use them as heterogeneous catalysts in organic transformation and heterocyclic synthesis.

3-    Preparation of solid bases on silica gel and use them as heterogeneous catalysts in organic transformation and heterocyclic synthesis.

4-    Synthesis of nano-particles.

5-    Preparation of nano-particles and use them as catalysts in carbon-carbon bond formation.

6-    Preparation of Ionic Liquids and ionic liquids bonded on silica gel and use them as catalysts in organic transformation.

7-    Synthesis of organic small molecules which capable using as OLED

 

Awards:

1- Distinguished researcher in Faculty of Sciences for the years of2002, 2006,2007,2009, and 2011.

2- Distinguished researcher in Persian Gulf University for the years of 2003 and 2005.

3-Distinguished researcher of Bushehr state in the years of 2005, 2007, 2011,and 2013.

4- Selected distinguished researcher of Persian Gulf University in The Ministry of Science, Research and Technology for the year of 2005 and 2006.

 

 

Publication:

List of Published Papers from MsC. Theses:

 

1.   N. Iranpoor, B. Tamami, K. Niknam; Iodine and iodine supported on    polyvinylpyrrolidone as catalysts and reagents for alcoholysis, hydrolysis, and acetolysis of epoxides and thiiranes, Can. J .Chem. 75, 1913 -1919 (1997).

 

List of Published Papers from Ph. D. Theses:

1.  H. Sharghi, A. R. Massah, H. Eahghi, K. Niknam; Crown Ethers as New Catalysts in the Highly Regioselective Halogenative Cleavage of Epoxides with Elemental Halogens, J. Org. Chem., 63, 1455-1461 ( 1998).

 

2.  H. Sharghi, K. Niknam; Conversion of alcohols into amides using alumina–methanesulfanic acid (AMA) in nitrile Solvents, Iran. J. Chem. & Chem. Eng., 18, 36-39 (1999 ).

 

3.   H. Sharghi, K. Niknam, A. R. Massah; A Facile and Convenient Methhod for the Preparation of Macrocyclic Diamides, J. Heterocyclic Chem., 36 , 601-606 (1999).

 

4.  H. Sharghi, A. R. Massah, K. Niknam; Efficient Synthesis of a Range of Benzosubstituted Macrocyclic Diamides, Iran. J. Chem. & Chem. Eng., 19, 6-12 (2000).

 

Published Papers:

1.   H. Sharghi, K. Niknam, M. Pooyan; The Halogen-Mediated Opening of Epxides in the Presence of Pyridine–Containing Macrocycles, Terahedron, 57, 6057-6064 (2001).

 

2.   H. Sharghi, M. A. Nasseri, K. Niknam; Phenol-Containing Macrocylic Diamides as New Catalysts in the Highlly Regioselective conversion of Epoxides to β-Hydroxy Thiocyanates, J.Org . Chem., 66, 7287- 7293 ( 2001).

 

3. M. Shamsipur, S. Y. Kazemi, H. Sharghi, K. Niknam; Cesium-Selective membrane electrode based on a recently synthesized 16-membered macrocyclic diamide, Fresenius J. Anal, Chem., 371, 1104-1108 (2001 ).

 

4.   M. Shamsipur, T. Poursaberi, S. Rouhani, K. Niknam, H. Sharghi, M. R. Ganjali; Cobalt (II)-Selective Membrane Electrode Based on a Recently synthesized Benzo-Substituted Macrocyclic Diamide, Analytical Sciences September, 17, 1049-1054, (2001).

 

5.   M. Shamsipur, G. Khayatian, S. Y. Kazemi, K. Niknam, H. Sharghi; The Synthesis of 1,4-Diaza-2,3;8,9-dibenzo-7,10-dioxa-cyclododecane-5,12-dione and Its Use in Calcium-Selective Carbon Paste Electrodes, Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and macrocyclic chemistry, 40, 303-307  (2001).

 

6.   M. Shamsipur, S. Y. Kazemi, K. Niknam , H. Sharghi; A New PVC-Membrane Electrode Based on a Thia-Substituted Macrocyclic Diamide for Selective Potentiometric Determination of Silver Ion, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 23, 53-58 (2002).

 

7.   M. Shamsipur, S. Rouhani, T. Poursaberi, M. R. Ganjali, H. Sharghi, K. Niknam; Cobalt (II)-Selective Coated Graphite PVC-Membrane Electrode Based on a Recently synthesized Dibenzopyridino-Substituted Macrocyclic Diamide, Electroanalesis, 14, 729-735, (2002).

 

8.   H. Sharghi, Z. Paziraee, K. Niknam; Halogenated Cleavage of Epoxides into Halohydrins in the Presence of a Series of Diamine Podants as Catalyst with Elemental Iodine and Bromine, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 23, No. 11, 1611-1615, (2002).

 

9.   K. Niknam, T. Nasehi; Halogenated Cleavage of Epoxides into Halohydrins with Elemental Iodine and Bromine in the presence of 2,6-Bis[2-(o-amino-phenoxy)methyl]-4-bromo-1-methoxybenzene (BABMB), Tetrahedron, 58 , 10259-10261, (2002).

 

10. K. Niknam, A. R. Kiasat, F. Kazemi, A. Hosseini; "Efficient Reduction of Nitroarenes to the Corresponding Anilines with Sulfur in Basic Media under Solvent-Free Conditions", Phosphorous, Sulfur and Silicon 178, 1385-1389, (2003).

 

11. M. K. Amini, M. Ghaedi, A. Rafi, I. Mohamadpoor-Baltork, K. Niknam; "Silver selective electrodes based on methyl-2-pyridyl ketone oxime, phenyl-2-pyridyl ketone oxime and bis[2-(o-carboxythiophenoxy)methyl]-4-bromo-1-methoxybenzene carriers" Sensors and Actuators B , 96, 669-676 (2003).

 

12. K. Niknam"Conversion of epoxides into 2-hydroxyethyl thiocyanates with NH4SCN in the presence of 2,6-bis[2-(o-aminophenoxy)methyl]-4-bromo-1-methoxybenzene (BABMB) as catalyst" Phosphorous, Sulfur and Silicon and the Related Elements , 179, 499-506 (2004).

 

13. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, S. M. Razavian, I. Mohammadpoor-Baltork; "Molybdatophosphoric acid/NaNO 2/wet SiO2 as an efficient system for oxidation of 1,4-dihydropyridines under mild and heterogeneous conditions" Heterocycles, 65, 657-660 (2005).

 

14. K. Niknam, "Pyridinium Chlorochromate (PCC) supported on alumina as an efficient oxidizing agent for oxidation of alcohols under solvent-free conditions" Asian J. Chem ., 17, 2513-2516 (2005).

 

15. K. Niknam, B. Karami, A. R. Kiasat; "Basic Al2O3/PCl5 as an efficient reagent for the direct synthesis of nitriles from aldehydes under solvent-free conditions" Bull. Korean Chem. Soc ., 26, 975-978 (2005).

 

16.   K. Niknam, "Pyridinium Chlorochromate (PCC) supported onto copper sulfate as a rapid and efficient oxidizing agent for oxidation of alcohols under microwave irradiation" Asian J. Chem., 17, 2818-2820 (2005).

 

17. K. Niknam, A. R. Kiasat, S. Karimi; "Dowex polymer mediated protection of carbonyl groups" Synth. Commun., 35, 2231-2236 (2005).

 

18. B. Karami, M. Montazerozohori, M. Moghadam, M. H. Habibi, K. Niknam, "Selective Oxidation of Thiols to Disulfides Catalyzed by Iron (III) – Tetra phenyl Porphyrin using Urea- Hydrogen Peroxide as Oxidizing Reagent" Turk. J. Chem., 29, 539-546 (2005).

 

19. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, S. M. Razavian, I. Mohammadpoor-Baltork; "Aromatization of 1,4-dihydropyridines in the presence of methanesulfonic acid/NaNO 2/wet SiO 2 under both heterogeneous and solvent-free conditions" J. Heterocyclic Chem. , 43, 199-202 (2006).

 

20. A. Soleymanpour, N. Ahmadi Rad, K. Niknam, "New diamino compound as neutral ionophore for highly selective and sensitive PVC membrane electrode for Be 2+ ion" Sensors and Actuators B 114, 740-746 (2006).

 

21. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, "1,3-Dihalo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin/NaNO2 as an Efficient Heterogeneous System for the N-Nitrosation of N,N-Dialkylamines under Mild Conditions " J. Iran. Chem. Soc., 3, 59-63 (2006).

 

22. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, Alumina-methanesulfonic acid (AMA)/ NaNO2 as an efficient procedure for the chemoselective N-nitrosation of secondary amines" Synth. Commun . 36, 2311-2319 (2006).

 

23. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, A. Khorramabadi-Zad, R. Zare, M. Shayegh, "Silica-sulfuric acid as an efficient and recyclable catalyst for the methoxymethylation of alcohols under solvent-free conditions" Catal. Commun . 7, 494-498 (2006).

 

24. M. A. Zolfigol, M. Bagherzadeh, K. Niknam, F. Shirini, I. Mohammadpoor-Baltork, A. Ghorbani Choghamarani, M. Baghbanzadeh; "Oxidation of 1,4-dihydropyridines under mild and heterogeneous conditions using solid acids" J. Iran. Chem. Soc ., 3, 73-80 (2006).

 

25. M. A. Zolfigol, K. Niknam, F. Nazari, "Molybdatophosphoric acid/NaNO 2 as an efficient procedure for the chemoselective N-nitrosation of secondary amines" J. Chin. Chem. Soc., 53, 669-676 (2006).

 

26. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, F. Rabani; "Aromatization of 1,4-dihydropyridines in the presence of toluenesulfonyl chloride/NaNO 2/wet SiO2 under microwave irradiation" Heterocyclic Commun., 12, 183-186 (2006).

 

27. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, T. Sadabadi, A. Nejati; "Preparation of indolylmethanes catalyzed by methal hydrogen sulfates" J. Iran. Chem. Soc., 3, 318-322 (2006).

 

28. A. Khazaei, M. A. Zolfigol, Z. Tanbacouchian, M. Shiri, K. Niknam; "1,3-Dibromo, 5,5-diethylbarbituric acid as an efficient catalyst for the protection of various alcohols with HMDS under solvent-free conditions" Catal. Commun. 8, 917-920 (2007).

 

29. K. Niknam, N. Daneshvar, "H4SiW12O40.xH2O as a new catalyst for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one" Heterocycles, 71, 373-378 (2007).

 

30. K. Niknam, B. Karami, M. A. Zolfigol, "Silica-sulfuric acid promoted aromatization of 1,2-dihydroquinolines by using NaNO2 as oxidizing agent under mild and heterogenous conditions" Catal. Commun . 8, 1427-1430 (2007).

 

31.K. Niknam, Ali Reza Kiasat, B. Karami, Nima Heydari, "Basic Al2O3 as a recycble reagent for the protection of carbonyl groups with phenylhydrazine derivatives and semicarbazides" Turk. J. Chem., 31, 135-139 (2007).

 

32. K. Niknam, B. Karami, S. Molazadeh, A. Pourkhosro, "Molybdatophosphoric acid /NaNO2 as an efficient system for the aromatization of 1,2-dihydroquinolines under mild and heterogenous conditions" Synth. Commun . 37, 1091-1096 (2007).

 

33. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, Z. Hossieninejad, N. Daneshvar, "Metal hydrogen sulfates [M(HSO4)] as the promoter for an efficient synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one under solvent-free conditions" Chin. J. Catal., 28, (7), 591-595 (2007).

 

34. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, T. Sadabadi, "Ca(HSO4)2 mediated conversion of alcohols into N-substituted amides under heterogeneous conditions: a modified Ritter reaction" J. Iran. Chem. Soc., 4, 199-204 (2007).

 

35. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, M. Shayegh, R. Zare, "Metal hydrogen sulfates catalyzed methoxymethylation of alcohols under solvent-free conditions" J. Chin. Chem. Soc., 54, 1067-1073 (2007).

 

36. A. Hasaninejad, A. Zare, H. Sharghi, K. Niknam, M. Shekouhy, "P2O5/SiO2 as an efficient, mild and heterogeneous catalytic system for the condensation of indoles with carbonyl compounds under solvent-free conditions"Arkivocxiv, 39-50 (2007).

 

37. K. Niknam, A. Fatehi-Raviz, "Synthesis of 2-substituted Benzimidazoles and Bis-benzimidazoles by Microwave in the Presence of Alumina-Methanesulfonic Acid" J. Iran. Chem. Soc., 4, 438-443 (2007).

 

38. M. A. Zolfigol, K. Niknam, M. Bagherzadeh, A. G. Choghamarani, N. Koukabi, M. Hajjami, E. Kolvari, "Tribromoisocyanuric Acid (TBCA) and Oxone-MX System as Oxidizing Agents: Oxidative Coupling of Thiols to their Corresponding Disulfides under mild and Heterogeneous Conditions" J. Chin. Chem. Soc., 54, 1115-1118 (2007).

 

39. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, E. Madrakian, E. Ghaemi, "Tribromoisocyanuric Acid/ NaNO2: a New Reagent for Mononitration of Phenoles under Mild and Heterogeneous Conditions" S. Afr. J. Chem. 60, 109-112 (2007).

 

40. M. A. Zolfigol, G. Chehardoli, E. Ghaemi, E. Madrakian, R. Zare, T. Azadbakht, K. Niknam, S. Mallakpour, "N-Bromo Reagent Mediated Oxidation of Urazoles to their corresponding Triazolinediones under Mild and Heterogeneous Conditions" Monatsh. Chem. 139, 261-265 (2008).

 

41. M. Ghaedi, K. Niknam, A. Shokrollahi, E. Niknam, H. R. Rajabi, M. Soylak, "Flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of trace amounts of heavy metal ions after solid phase extraction using modified sodium dodecyl sulfate coated on alumina" J. Hazardous Materials 155, 121-127 (2008).

 

42. M. Ghaedi, K. Niknam, A. Shokrollahi, E. Niknam, H. Ghaedi, M. Soylak, "A solid phase extraction procedure for Fe3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions on 2-phenyl-1H-benzo[d] imidazole loaded on Triton X-100-coated polyvinyl chloride" J. Hazardous Materials 158, 131-136 (2008).

 

43. M. A. Zolfigol, E. Ghaemi, E. Madrakian, K. Niknam, "PEG-N2O4 System as an Efficient Reagent both for the Rapid Oxidation of Urazoles and 1,4 Dihydropyridines under Nonaqueous Conditions"  J. Chin. Chem.Soc. 55, 704-711 (2008).

 

44. M. A. Zolfigol, G. Chehardoli, M. Dehghanian, K. Niknam, F. Shirini, A. Khoramabadi-Zad "Silica Sulfuric Acid and Al(HSO4)3: As Efficient Catalysts for the Formylation of Alcohols by Using Ethyl Formate under Heterogeneous Conditions"  J. Chin. Chem.Soc. 55, 885-889 (2008).

 

45. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, N. safikhani, "M(HSO4)n-Promoted Synthesis of 2-Aryl-1-Q4 arylmethyl-1H-1,3-benzimidazole Derivatives" Synth. Commun. 38, 2919-2928 (2008).

 

46. M. A. Zolfigol, E. Madrakian, E. Ghaemi, K. Niknam, "PEG-N2O4 System as an Efficient Reagent both for mono and dinitration of phenols" Synth. Commun. 38, 3366-3374 (2008).

 

47. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, G. Chehardoli, M. Dehghanian, "Tribromoisocyanuric acid and DABCO-Br as an efficient catalysts for the silylation of hydroxyl groups with hexamethyldisilazane" Chin. J. Catal. 29, 901-906 (2008).

 

48. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, A. Dehghani, "Friedlander quinoline synthesis catalyzed by M(HSO4)n (M= Al, Mg, Ca) under solvent-free conditions" Heterocycles 75, 2513-2521 (2008).

 

49. M. Shamsipur, R. Ghavami, B. Hemmateenejad, H. Sharghi, K. Alizadeh, K. Niknam, Application of Chemonetrics and quantum chemical calculations to the study of complexation  equilibria between 1,8-bis(o-aminophenoxy)-3,6-dioxaoctane and some transition and heavy metal ions in acetonitrile solution" Polish J. Chem. 82, 1621-1638 (2008).

 

50. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol,Z. Tavakoli, Z. Heydari, "M(HSO4)n: as an efficient catalyst for the synthesis of quinoxalines in EtOH at room temperature" J. Chin. Chem.Soc. 55, 1373-1378 (2008).

 

51. M. A. Zolfigol, P. Salehi, M. Shiri, A. Sayadi, A. Abdoli, H. Keypour, M. Rezaeivala, K. Niknam and E. Kolvari, “A simple and efficient route for the synthesis of di and tri(bis(indolyl) methanes) as new triarylmethanesMol. Divers. 12, 203-207 (2008).

 

52. A. Hasaninejad, K. Niknam, A. Zare, A. Farsimadan and M. Shekouhy, “Silphox [POCl3-n(SiO2)n] as a New, Efficient, and Heterogeneous Reagent for the Synthesis of Benzimidazole Derivatives Under Microwave IrradiationPhosphurus Sulfur Silicon Relat. Elem. 184, 147-155 (2009).

 

53. M. Ghaedi, A. Shokrollahi, K. Niknam, E. Niknam, M. Soylak, “Development of efficient method for preconcentration and determination of copper, nickel, zinc and iron ions in environmental samples by combination of cloud point extraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometryCent. Eur. J. Chem. 7, 148-154 (2009).

 

54. M. Ghaedi, K. Niknam, A. Shokrollahi, E. Niknam, “Determination of Cu, Fe, Pb and Zn by Flame-AAS after Preconcentration using Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Coated Alumina Modified with Complexing AgentJ. Chin. Chem.Soc. 56, 150-157 (2009).

 

55. H. Tajik, K. Niknam, F. Parsa,“Using Acidic Ionic Liquid 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Hydrogen Sulfate in Selective Nitration of Phenols under Mild ConditionsJ. Iran. Chem. Soc., 6, 159-164 (2009).

 

56. M. Ghaedi, A. Shokrollahi, K. Niknam, M. Soylak, “Cloud Point Extraction of Copper, Zinc, Iron and Nickel in Biological and Environmental Samples by Flame Atomic Absorption SpectrometrySeparation Science and Technology, 44, 773–786, (2009).

 

57. K. Niknam, M. Damya, “1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate [bmim]HSO4: An efficient reusable acidic ionic liquid for the synthesis of 1,8-dioxo-octahydroxanthenes”J. Chin. Chem.Soc. 56, 659-665 (2009).

 

58. M. Ghaedi, H. Tavallali, A. Shokrollahi, M. Zahedi, K. Niknam, M. Soylak, “Preconcentration and Determination of Zinc and Lead Ions by a Combination of Cloud Point Extraction and Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry”Clean, 37, 328-333 (2009).

 

59. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, M. Nouri Sefat,  “Silica-bonded S-sulfonic acid as a recyclable catalyst for chemoselective synthesis of 1,1-diacetates”Terahedron Letters,50, 4058- 4062 (2009).

 

60. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, “Silica-bonded N-propyl sulfamic acid as an efficient catalyst for the formylation and acetylation of alcohols and amines under heterogeneous conditions”Terahedron Letters,50, 5210- 5214 (2009).

 

61. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, “Preparation of sulfuric acid ([3-(3 silicapropyl)sulfanyl]propyl)ester: A new and recyclable catalyst for the formylation and acetylation of alcohols under heterogeneous conditions”Applied Catalysis A: General,366, 220- 225 (2009).

 

62. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, M. Mohagheghnejad, “Silica bonded S-Sulfonic acid: a recyclable catalyst for the synthesis of quinoxalines at room temperature”Molcules,14, 1915- 1926 (2009).

 

63. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, D. Saberi, M. Khonbazi, “1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate [bmim]HSO4: An efficient reusable acidic ionic liquid for the formylation of alcohols”Chin. J. Chem.,27, 1548- 1552 (2009).

 

64. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, M. Baghernejad, “Silica bonded S-Sulfonic acid: a recyclable catalyst for the synthesis of coumarines” Chin. Chem. Lett., 20, 1444-1448 (2009).

 

65. M. Ghaedi, K. Niknam, E. Niknam, M. Soylak, "Application of Cloud Point Extraction for Copper, Nickel, Zinc and Iron Ions in Environmental Samples"J. Chin. Chem.Soc. 56, 981-986 (2009).

 

66. M. Ghaedi, H. Tavallali, M. Keshavarz, K. Niknam, "Determination of Copper and Zinc Ions by Flame-AAS After Preconcentraction Using Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Coated Alumina Modified with 3-((1H-Indol-3-yl)-3,4,5-trimethyl)-1H-indole" Chin. J. Chem.,27, 2066-2072 (2009).

 

67.M. Ghaedi, A. Shokrollahi,K. Niknam, E. Niknam, S. Derki, M. Soylak,"A Cloud Point Extraction Procedure for Preconcentration/Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Determination of Silver, Zinc, and Lead at Subtrace Levels in Environmental Samples" J. AOAC International92, 907-913 (2009).

68. M. Ghaedi, A. Shokrollahi,K. Niknam, E. Niknam, A. Najibi, M. Soylak, "A solid phase extraction procedure for Fe3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions on 2-phenyl-1H-benzo[d] imidazole loaded on Triton X-100-coated polyvinyl chloride" J. Hazardous Materials 168, 1022-1027 (2009).

69. K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, D. Saberi, H. Molaee, "Preparation of Silica Supported Tin Chloride: As a Recyclable Catalyst for the Silylation of Hydroxyl Groups with HMDS" J. Chin. Chem.Soc. 56, 1257-1264 (2009).

 

70. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, M. Sadegheyan, A. Deris, “Silica-bonded S-sulfonic acid: an efficient and recyclable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of 4,4' (arylmethylene)bis(1H-pyrazol-5-ols)”Tetrahedron Letters,51, 692-694 (2010).

 

71. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, H. Molaee, M. A. Zolfigol, “Silica-bonded S-sulfonic acid as a Recyclable Catalyst for the Silylation of Hydroxyl Groups with HMDS" Can.J. Chem. 88, 164-171 (2010).

 

72. K. Niknam, A. Hasaninejad, M. Arman, "Synthesis of some new bis-3,4 dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones by using silica-supported tin chloride and titanium tetrachloride" Chin. Chem.Lett. 21, 399-402 (2010).

 

73. M. Ghaedi, K. Niknam, K. Taheri, H. Hossinian, M. Soylak, “Flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of copper, zinc and manganese after solid-phase extraction using 2,6-dichlorophenyl-3,3-bis(indolyl)methane loaded on Amberlite XAD-16” Food Chem. Toxicol. 48, 891-897 (2010).

 

74. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, M. Baghernejad, “Preparation of silica bonded S-sulfonic acid: A recyclable catalyst for the synthesis of bis-indolylmethanes” Phosphorus, Sulfur and Silicon., 185, 875-882 (2010).

 

75. K. Niknam, D. Saberi, M. Nouri Sefat, “Silica-bonded S-sulfonic acid: an efficient and recyclable solid acid catalyst for the three-component synthesis of a-aminonitriles”Tetrahedron Letters,51, 2959-2962 (2010).

 

76. K. Niknam, M. R. Mohammadizadeh, S. Mirzaee, D. Saberi, “Silica-bonded S-sulfonic acid: an efficient and recyclable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis trisubstituted imidazoles under solvent-free conditions”Chin. J. Chem.,28, 663-669 (2010).

 

77.M. Ghaedi,K. Niknam, E. Niknam, K. Mortazavi, K. Taheri, M. Soylak, “Development of an Efficient Procedure for Determination of Copper, Zinc and Iron after Solid Phase Extraction on 3-(1-(1-H-Indol-3-yl)-3-phenylallyl)-1H-indole Loaded on Duolite XAD 761”J. Chin. Chem. Soc.,57, 275-283 (2010).

 

78. K. Niknam, F. Panahi, D. Saberi, M. Mohagheghnejad, “Silica-bonded S-sulfonic acid: an efficient and recyclable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis trisubstituted imidazoles under solvent-free conditions”J. Heterocycl. Chem.,47, 292-300 (2010).

 

79. F. Rashedian, D. Saberi, K. Niknam, “Silica-bonded N-propoyl-sulfamic acid: A Recyclable Catalyst for the Synthesis of 1,8-Dioxo-decahydroacridines, 1,8-Dioxo-octahydroxanthenes and quinoxalines”J. Chin. Chem. Soc.,57, 998-1006 (2010).

 

80. K. Niknam, M. R. Mohammadizadeh, S. Mirzaee, “Silica-bonded S-sulfonic Acid as a Recyclable Catalyst for Synthesis of 2,3-Dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones”Chin. J. Chem.29, 1417-1422 (2011).

 

81. H. Tavallali, S. Lalehparvar, A. R. Nekoei, K. Niknam, “Ion-flotation Separation of Cd(II), Co(II) and Pb(II) Traces Using a New Ligand before Their Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Determinations in Colored Hair and Dryer Agents of Paint”J. Chin. Chem. Soc.,58, 199-206 (2011).

 

82. K. Niknam, A. Gharavi, M. R. Hormozi-Neghad, F. Panahi, M. T. Sharbati,“Synthesis of some new 1,4-distyrilbenzenes using immobilized palladium nanoparticles on silica functionalized morpholine as a recyclable catalyst”Synthesis1609-1615 (2011).

 

83. H. Tajik, K. Niknam, M. Sarafan,“1-BUTYL-3-METHYLIMIDAZOLIUM HYDROGEN SULFATE ([bmim]-HSO4)–MEDIATED SYNTHESIS OF POLYSUBSTITUTED QUINOLINES”Synth. Commun.41, 2103-2114 (2011).

 

84. M. A. Zolfigol, E. Kolvari, N. Koukabi, S. Salehzadeh, G. Chahardoli, I. S. Tidmarsh, K. Niknam, “A New Crystal Engineering Approach for the Synthesis of {[K.18-Crown-6]I3}n as a Nanotube-Like and Recyclable Catalyst for the Chemoselective Silylation of Alcohols”J. Iran. Chem. Soc.,8, 484-494 (2011).

 

85. K. Niknam, S. Mirzaee,“SILICA SULFURIC ACID, AN EFFICIENT AND RECYCLABLE SOLID ACID CATALYST FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF 4,4’-(ARYLMETHYLENE)BIS (1H-PYRAZOL-5-OLS)”Synth. Commun.41, 2403-2414 (2011).

 

86. G. Chahardoli, M. A. Zolfigol, V. Khakyzadeh, H. Gholami, K. Niknam, “[H2 Cryptand 222]2+(Br3–)2 as a Tribromide-Type Catalyst for the Trimethylsilylation, Tetrahydropyranylation of Alcohols”S. Afr. J. Chem., 64, 127-131 (2011).

 

87. K. Niknam, A. Deris, F. Naeimi, F. Majleci,“Synthesis of 1,2,4,5-tetrasubstituted imidazoles using silica-bonded propylpiperazine N-sulfamic acid as a recyclable solid acid catalyst”Tetrahedron Lett.52, 4642-4645 (2011).

 

88. K. Niknam, N. Jafarpour, E. Niknam, “Silica-bonded N-propylsulfamic acid as a recyclable catalyst for the synthesis of 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones" Chin. Chem.Lett. 22, 69-72 (2011).

 

89. S. Tayebi, M. Baghenejad, D. Saberi, K. Niknam, “Sulfuric Acid ([3-(3-Silicapropyl)sulfanyl]propyl)ester as a Recyclable Catalyst for the Synthesis of 4,4'-(Arylmethylene)bis(1H-pyrazol-5-ols)”Chin. J. Catal.32, 1477-1483 (2011).

 

90. N. Iravani, N. S. Mohammadzade, K. Niknam, “Sulfuric Acid ([3-(3-silicapropyl)sulfanyl]-propyl)ester a recyclable catalyst for the synthesis of 2-aryl-1-arylmethyl-1H-1,3-benzimidazole derivatives)”Chin. Chem.Lett. 22, 1151-1154 (2011).

 

91. M. Nouri Sefat, D. Saberi, K. Niknam, “Preparation of Silica-Based Ionic Liquid an Efficient and Recyclable Catalyst for One-Pot Synthesis of a-Aminonitriles”Catal. Lett.141, 1713-1720 (2011).

 

92. M. Nouri Sefat, A. Deris, K. Niknam, “Preparation of Silica-bonded Propyl-diethylene-triamine-Nsulfamic Acid as a Recyclable Catalyst for Chemoselective Synthesis of 1,1-Diacetates”Chin. J. Chem.29, 2361-2367 (2011).

 

93. T. Rahi, M. Baghenejad, K. Niknam, “Synthesis of a-aminonitriles using silica-bonded N-propylpiperazine sulfamic acid as a recyclable catalyst " Chin. Chem.Lett. 23, 1103-1106 (2012).

 

94. T. Rahi, M. Baghenejad, K. Niknam, “Silica-Bonded N-Propyl Diethylenetriamine Sulfamic Acid as a Recyclable Solid Acid Catalyst for the Synthesis of α-Aminonitriles" Chin. J. Catal.33, 1095-1100 (2012).

 

95. S. M. G. Ahmadi-Ana, M. Baghenejad, K. Niknam, “Synthesis of 2-Aryl-1- arylmethyl-1H-1,3-benzimidazole Derivatives Using Silica-bonded Propyl-S-sulfonic Acid as Recyclable Solid Acid Catalyst”Chin. J. Chem.30, 517-521 (2012).

 

96. K. Niknam, A. Jamali, M. Tajaddod, A. Deris, “Synthesis of 2-Amino-4,6-diarylnicotinonitriles Using Silica-Bound N-Propyl Triethylenetetramine Sulfamic Acid as a Recyclable Solid Acid Catalyst" Chin. J. Catal.33, 1312-1317 (2012).

 

97. M. Baghenejad, K. Niknam, “Synthesis of 4,4’-(Arylmethylene)bis(1H-pyrazol-5-ols) Using Silica-bonded Ionic Liquid as Recyclable Catalyst" Int.  J. Chem.4, 52-60 (2012).

 

98. K. Niknam, A. Jamali,“Silica-Bonded N-Propylpiperazine Sodium n-Propionate as Recyclable Basic Catalyst for Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrano[c]chromene Derivatives and Biscoumarins" Chin. J. Catal.33, 1840-1849 (2012).

 

99. H. Tavallali, S. Lalehparvar, A. R. Nekoei, M. G. Jahromi, K. Niknam, “Sensitive Ion-Flotation Separation of Ag(I) Traces Using 2-(2-Methoxyphenyl)benzimidazole before Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Determination in Water" Clean-Soil, Air, Water, 40, 640-647 (2012).

 

100. S. Tayebi, K. Niknam, “Synthesis of 4,4'-(Arylmethylene)bis(1H-pyrazol-5-ols) via multi-component reactions by using silica-bonded sulfamic acid derivatives”Iran. J. Catal.2, 69-74 (2012).

 

101. G. Chahardoli, M. A. Zolfigol, E. Ghaemi, E. Madrakian, K. Niknam, S. Mallakpour, “N2O4 Chemisorbed onto n-Propylsilica Kryptofix 21 and Kriptofix

22 as Two New Functional Polymers for the Fast Oxidation of Urazoles and 1,4-Dihydropyridines”J. Heterocycl. Chem., 49, 596-599 (2012).

 

102. Z. Tavakoli, M. Baghenejad, K. Niknam, “Synthesis of 1,2,4,5-Tetrasubstituted Imidazoles Using Sulfuric Acid ([3-(3-Silicapropyl)sulfanyl]propyl]ester as a Recyclable Solid Acid”J. Heterocycl. Chem., 49, 634-639 (2012).

 

103. M. Ghaedi, M. Rezakhani, S. Khodadoust, K. Niknam, M. Soylak, “The Solid Phase Extraction of SomeMetal Ions Using Palladium Nanoparticles Attached to Silica Gel Chemically Bonded by Silica-Bonded N-Propylmorpholine as New Sorbent prior to Their Determination by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy”The Scientific Word J., 1-9 (2012).

 

104. S. P. Brojenia, M. Baghernejada, D. Saberi, K. Niknam, “Silica immobilized sulfuric acid ([3-(propyl)sulfanyl]propyl]ester and N-propylsulfamic acid as recyclable catalysts for chemoselective synthesis of 1,1-diacetates" Green Chem. Lett. Rev., 6, 69-75 (2013).

 

105. M. Abbasi-Tarighat, E. Shahbazi, K. Niknam, “Simultaneous determination of Mn2+ and Fe3+ as 4,4’[(4-cholorophenyl)methylene] bis(3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-ol) complexes in some foods, vegetable and water samples by artificial neural networks" Food Chem., 138, 991-997 (2013).

 

106. K. Niknam, A. Piran,“Silica-Grafted Ionic Liquids as Recyclable Catalysts for Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrano[c]chromenes and Pyrano[2,3-c]pyrazoles" Green Sustian. Chem. 3, 1-8 (2013).

 

107. K. Niknam, A. Deris, F. Panahi,“Silica-functionalized N-propylpiperazine for immobilization of palladium nanoparticles as efficient heterogeneous catalyst for cyanation reactions" Chin. J. Catal.34, 718-722 (2013).

 

108. D. Saberi, M. Sheykhan, K. Niknam, A. Heydari, “The Solid Preparation of carbon nanotube-supported a-Fe2O3@CuO nanocomposite: a highly efficient and magnetically separable catalyst in cross-coupling of aryl halides with phenols" Catal. Sci. Technol. 3, 2025-2031 (2013).

 

109. K. Niknam, M. Sadeghi-Habibabad, F. Panahi, M. R. Hormozi-Nezhad, “Modification of silica using piperazine for immobilization of palladium nanoparticles: a study of its catalytic activity as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for Heck and Suzuki reactions" J. Iran. Chem. Soc. 10, 527-534 (2013).

 

110. M. Ghaedi, K. Niknam, S. Zamani, H. A. Larki, M. Roosta, M. Soylak, “Silica chemically bonded N-propyl kriptofix 21 and 22 with immobilized palladium nanoparticles for solid phase extraction and preconcentration of some metal ions" Material Sci. Eng. C, 33, 3180-3189 (2013).

 

111. H. Tajik, K. Niknam, S. Karimian, “ Silylation of alcohols and phenols by HMDS in the presence of ionic liquid and silica-supported ionic liquids  α-amino nitriles” Iran. J. Catal. 3, 107-113 (2013).

 

112. K. Niknam, A. Deris, F. Panahi, M. R. Hormozi-Nezhad, “Immobilized palladium nanoparticles on silica functionalized N-propylpiperazine sodium N-propionate (SBPPSP): catalytic activity evaluation in copper-free Sonogashira reaction" J. Iran. Chem. Soc. 10, 1291-1296 (2013).

 

113. K. Niknam, R. Rashidian, A. Jamali, “Synthesis of 2-amino-4,6-diarylnicotininitriles using 3-propyldiethylenetriamine-silica as a recyclable solid base catalyst" Scintia Iranica20, 1863-1870 (2013).

 

114. S. Ghasemi, M. Baghernejad, K. Niknam, “Sulfuric acid {[3-(3-silicapropyl)-sulfanyl]propyl}ester as a recyclable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of α-amino nitriles”Iran. J. Catal.3, 165-169 (2013).

 

115. K. Niknam, M. Sadeghi-Habibabad, A. Deris, N. Aeinjamshid, “Preparation of silica-bonded N-propyltriethylenetetramine as a recyclable solid base catalyst for the synthesis of 4,4’-(arylmethylene)bis(1H-pyrazol-5-ols)" Monatsh. Chem. 144, 987-992 (2013).

 

116. M. Makvandi, F. Abiar Dil, A. Malekzadeh, M. Baghernejad, K. Niknam, “Silica-bonded n-propyltriethylene-tetramine as a recyclable solid base catalyst for the synthesis of 2-amino-5-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromenes”Iran. J. Catal.3, 221-228 (2013).

 

117. K. Niknam, S. Mojikhalifeh, “Synthesis of new 1,5-diaryl-3-(arylamino)-1H-pyrrol-2(5H)-ones under catalyst-free and solvent-free conditions" Mol. Divers. 18, 111-117 (2014).

 

118. M. T. Sharbati, F. Panahi, A. R. Nekoei, F. Emami, K. Niknam, “Blue to red electroluminescence emission from organic light-emitting diodes based on π-conjugated organic semiconductor materials”Journal of Photonics for Energy4, 043599-1- 043599-13(2014).

 

119. K. Niknam, S. A. Sajadi, R. Hosseini, M. Baghernejad, “Silica-bonded n-propyldiethylenetriamine sulfamic acid as a recyclable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of coumarin and biscoumarin derivatives" Iran. J. Catal.4, 163-173 (2014).

 

120. K. Niknam, P. Abolpour, “Synthesis of naphthoxazinone derivatives using silica-bonded S-sulfonic acid as catalyst under solvent-free conditions" J. Chem. Sci. 127, 1315-1320 (2015).

 

121. K. Niknam, P. Abolpour, “Synthesis of spirooxindole pyrimidines catalyzed by silica-bonded N-propyltriethylenetetramine as a recyclable solid base catalyst in aqueous medium" Monatsh. Chem. 146, 683-690 (2015).

 

122. K. Niknam, F. Panahi,D. Saberi, M. R. Hormozi-Nezhad, “Catalytic Evaluation of Palladium Nanoparticles on Silica-Grafted n-Propyl-Diaza-15-Crown-5 (PNP-SGPDC) in the Heck and Suzuki Reactions”Org. Chem. Res. 1, 45-52 (2015).

 

123.K. Niknam, N. Borazjani, “Synthesis of Benzopyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidines Using Silica-Bonded NPropyldiethylenetriamine Sulfamic Acid (SPDTSA) As Heterogeneous Solid Acid Catalyst under Solvent-Free Conditions”Org. Chem. Res. 1, 78-86 (2015).

 

124. D. Saberi, S. Mansoori, E. Ghaderi, K. Niknam, “Copper nanoparticles on charcoal: an effective nanocatalyst for the synthesis of enol carbamates and amides via an oxidative coupling route" TetrahedronLett. 57, 95-99 (2016).

 

125. K. Niknam, M. Khataminejad, F. Zeyaei, “Diethylene glycol-bis(3-methylimidazolium) dihydroxide as a dicationic ionic liquid catalyst for the synthesis of 4H-pyrane derivatives in aqueous medium" TetrahedronLett. 57, 361-365 (2016).

 

126. D. Saberi, F. Shojaeyan, K. Niknam, “Oxidative self-coupling of aldehydes in the presence of CuCl2/TBHP system: direct access to symmetrical anhydrides" TetrahedronLett. 57, 566-569 (2016).

 

127. K. Niknam, A. Piran, Z. Karimi, “Synthesis of spiro-[indoline‑3,4′‑pyrano[2,3‑c]pyrazole] and spiro[indoline‑3,4′‑pyrano[2,3‑c]-chromene] derivatives using silica‑bonded ionic liquids as a recyclable catalyst in aqueousmedium" J. Iran. Chem. Soc. 13, 859-871 (2016).

 

128. K. Niknam, M. Khataminejad, “Tandem Synthesis of 2,3,4,5-Tetrasubstituted Pyrroles from Aromatic Aldehydes Using Diethylene Glycol-bis(3-methylimidazolium) Dihydroxide as an Efficient Catalyst”Org. Chem. Res. 2, 9-19 (2016).

 

Papers presented at internal or national conferences:

 

1- K. Niknam, N. Iranpoor, Fourth Seminar of Organic Chemistry of Iran 17-19 October 1995, Mashhad.

 

2– M. Shamsipur, M. Saeidi, H. Sharghi, K. Niknam , Third Biennial Seminar of Electrochemistry of Iran 19-20 May 1999, Babolsar.

 

3- K. Niknam, H. Sharghi, 9th Seminar of Organic Chemistry of Iran, 16-18 October, 2001, Imam Hossein University.

 

4- K. Niknam, H. Sharghi, M. A. Nasseri, 9th Seminar of Organic Chemistry of Iran, 16-18 October, 2001, Imam Hossein University .

 

5- K. Niknam, H. Sharghi, Z. Paziraee, 10th Seminar of Organic Chemistry of Iran, 10-12 September, 2002 Gillan .

 

6- K. Niknam, A.R. Kiasat, F. Kazemi, A. Hosseini, 10th Seminar of Organic Chemistry of Iran. 10-12 September 2002, Gillan .

 

7- K. Niknam, T. Nasehi, 10th Seminar of Organic Chemistry of Iran , 10-12 September, 2002 Gillan.

 

8- K. Niknam, 11th Seminar of Organic Chemistry of Iran, 1-3 February, 2005 Isfahan .

 

9- K. Niknam 2 nd International Conference on Chemistry and its applications, December 6-8, 2003 Doha-Qatar. 

 

10- K. Niknam, D. Khalili, twelfth FECHEM Conferace on Heterocycles in BIO-Organic Chemistry, June 20-23, 2004 , Siena-Italy.

 

11- K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, N. Jafarpoor, E. Niknam, The First Seminar of Medicinal & Natural Products Chemistry, May 10-11, 2005, Shiraz, Iran.

 

12- K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, Sixth Tetrahedron Symposium, 29 June- 1 st July 2005, Bordeaux, France.

 

13- K. Niknam, M. A. Zolfigol, N. Safikhani, Eighth Tetrahedron Symposium, 26-29 June 2007, Berlin, Germany.

 

14- K. Niknam, A. Dehghani, Eighth Tetrahedron Symposium, 26-29 June 2007, Berlin, Germany.

 

15. H. Tajik, K. Niknam, F. Parsa, Eighth Tetrahedron Symposium, 26-29 June 2007, Berlin, Germany.

 

16. K. Niknam, M. Arman, 12th Asian Chemical Congress (12ACC), 23-25 Agust 2007, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

 

17. K. Niknam, S. Mirzaee, D. Saberi, 11th Tetrahedron Symposium, 22-25 June 2010, Beijing, China.

 

18. K. Niknam, First United Arab Emirates Conference on Pure and Applied Chemistry

(ECPAC11), 1-3 March 2011, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

 

19.K. Niknam, A. Gharavi, F. Panahi, 10th International Conference on Materials Chemistry (MC10), 4-7 July 2011, Manchester, UK.

 

 

 

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